출장부르는법
  • 경산마사지 교육
  • 제주출장안마
  • 천안출장샵
  • 강릉백석동 마사지
  • 경산출장맛사지✓예약금없는출장샵◊경산club 마사지‹경산마사지 영어로›θ『경산대산 마사지』❥경산존슨즈 베이비 오일 마사지✐경산만남↖경산안마방 황제의자☠경산대구 마사지 추천♣경산마사지 몰 카

    As UN climate negotiations resume in Bonn, we look at why the crunch Paris climate conference from 30 November to 11 December is so important

    대전출장샵
    French foreign minister Laurent Fabius talks to delegates during the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Bonn, Germany. Photograph: Martin Meissner/AP

    경산출장맛사지⇪예약↙경산club 마사지‹경산모텔 부산›↪『경산안마방 무한』↪경산태국 마사지 후기↪경산속초 모텔 추천☃경산구미 여관✍경산일본 마사지 품번﹌경산출장서비스

    The governments of more than 190 nations 익산마사지 샤워기 , aimed at reducing global greenhouse gas emissions and thus avoiding the threat of dangerous climate change.

    경산출장맛사지✌예약금없는출장샵┟경산club 마사지‹경산혼자 안마방›➚『경산한물간 연예인 안마방』↫경산시각장애인 마사지❧경산수원역 마사지←경산동대구 여관♨경산안마방 도찰ワ경산감성마사지 뜻

    Current commitments on greenhouse gas emissions run out in 2020, so at Paris governments are expected to produce an agreement on what happens for the decade after that at least, and potentially beyond.

    Emissions trajectory Photograph: Guardian

    경산출장맛사지┹예약금없는출장샵☢경산club 마사지‹경산부산 안마방 후기›↔『경산범일동 안마방』┄경산수원 마사지 추천↼경산사상 출장☇경산새로운 안마방 아가씨 토렌트☜경산조건 카페┊경산안마방 태국

    Scientists have warned that if greenhouse gas emissions continue to rise, we will pass the threshold beyond which global warming becomes catastrophic and irreversible. That threshold is estimated as a temperature rise of 2C above pre-industrial levels, and on current emissions trajectories 바카라사이트.xyz . That may not sound like much, but the temperature difference between today’s world and the last ice age was about 5C, so seemingly small changes in temperature can mean big differences for the Earth.

    경산출장맛사지♡예약↳경산club 마사지‹경산림프 마사지›┛『경산전지역출장마사지샵』↚경산마사지 테라피◦경산노원 안마방♐경산조건 만남 카톡♡경산김해 모텔 추천┼경산출장녀

    They have: global negotiations on climate change have been carrying on for more than 20 years. The history of climate change goes back much further: in the 19th century, physicists theorised about the role of greenhouse gases, chiefly carbon dioxide, in the atmosphere, and several suggested that the warming effect would increase alongside the levels of these gases in the atmosphere. But this was all theoretical.

    Only in the past few decades have scientists begun the measurements necessary to establish a relationship between current carbon levels and temperatures, and the science conducted since then 문경강남역 마사지 : that rising greenhouse gas emissions, arising from our use of fossil fuels and our industries, lead to higher temperatures.

    경산출장맛사지↖출장부르는법★경산club 마사지‹경산서산 마사지›╆『경산출장만족보장』┳경산부산 연산동 출장⇪경산서울대입구 마사지♤경산구디 안마방►경산안마방 초이스☣경산냉정 안마방

    No. Global temperatures have been on a clear upward path. There was a spike in 1998, after which temperatures were lower – gvya.xyz – that led some climate sceptics to claim that the world was cooling.

    경산출장맛사지경산세부 안마방

  • 대전마사지 ㅁㅁㄹ
  • 경산새로운 안마방 아가씨
  • 경산출장맛사지
  • But it is important to note that temperatures have not fallen, or stalled – they have continued to rise. Given the variations that characterise our weather systems, a period in which the rate of warming slowed is not unexpected.

    For the past two years, the rate of warming seems to have accelerated again , but little can be construed from that.

    경산출장맛사지☻예약금없는출장샵✃경산club 마사지‹경산안마방 영상›⇍『경산안마방 단속시간』┸경산아줌마 안마방ⓥ경산도쿄 마사지★경산천안 안마❈경산콜녀♫경산성내동 안마방

    In 1992, governments met in Rio de Janeiro and 이천마사지 알바 . That agreement, still in force, bound governments to take action to avoid dangerous climate change, but did not specify what actions. Over the following five years, governments wrangled over what each should do, and what should be the role of developed countries versus poorer nations.

    Those years of argument produced, in 1997, 온라인카지노 . That pact required worldwide cuts in emissions of about 5%, compared with 1990 levels, by 2012, and each developed country was allotted a target on emissions reductions. But developing countries, including China, South Korea, Mexico and other rapidly emerging economies, were given no targets and allowed to increase their emissions at will.

    원주출장샵
    제천신사역 마사지 부산출장샵 보성시흥 마사지
    People sign the Earth pledge made at the the UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in June 1992. Photograph: UN Photo

    Al Gore, then US vice-president, signed up to the protocol, but it was quickly apparent that it would never be ratified by the US Congress. Legally, the protocol could not come into force until countries representing 55% of global emissions had ratified it. With the US – then the world’s biggest emitter – on the outside, that was not going to happen.

    So for most of the following decade, the Kyoto protocol remained in abeyance and global climate change negotiations ground to a near-halt. But in late 2004, jasulloc.xyz – unexpectedly, and as part of a move to have its application for World Trade Organisation membership accepted by the European Union. That made up the weight needed, and the protocol finally came into force.

    경산출장맛사지◦출장부르는법↘경산club 마사지‹경산수원 마사지›▒『경산안마방 콘돔』┷경산까치산 안마방↿경산기획 마사지ワ경산인천 안마방 후기♔경산콜녀⇡경산수원 마사지 추천

    Not quite. The US, under George W Bush, remained firmly outside Kyoto, so although the UN negotiations carried on year after year, the US negotiators were often in different rooms from the rest of the world. It was clear a new approach was needed that could bring the US in, and encourage the major developing economies – especially China, now the world’s biggest emitter – to take on limits to their emissions.

    What followed was, 예천방콕 에스코트 an action plan that set the world on the course to a new agreement that would take over from Kyoto.

    경산출장맛사지┎예약금없는출장샵☆경산club 마사지‹경산전립선 마사지 썰›☢『경산중국 마사지 체험기』♂경산강원랜드 근처 마사지↪경산마사지 카페ナ경산선릉 안마방❖경산야동 마사지↽경산마사지 카드 단속

    It did take a long time. But getting agreement from 196 countries was never going to be easy. The next act of this long-running drama fully demonstrated that: the 평택출장샵 .

    경상북도부산 모텔
    경상북도로미로미 마사지 gvya.xyz 영광만남
    US president Barack Obama along with European leaders including German chancellor Angela Merkel, centre, attend negotiations on the final night of the Copenhagen UN Climate Change summit in Denmark on 18 December 2009. Photograph: Pool/Getty Images

    경산출장맛사지⇠예약금없는출장샵⇜경산club 마사지‹경산일본 성인 마사지›◘『경산울산 삼산동 안마방』┣경산최음제 마사지★경산출장♥경산구글 안마방㊣경산안마방 입에 사정◄경산안마방 얼마

    Everything but the treaty. All of the world’s developed countries and the biggest developing countries agreed – for the first time – to limits on their greenhouse gas emissions. This was a landmark, as it meant the world’s biggest emitters were united towards a single goal.

    The emissions reductions agreed on were still not enough to meet scientific advice, but they were a big advance on reducing emissions compared with “business as usual”.

    But what didn’t happen turned out to be the point that NGOs and many in the press seized on. 카지노사이트 .

    경산출장맛사지エ예약금없는출장샵▌경산club 마사지‹경산눈 마사지 기계›⇩『경산성장판 마사지』♡경산용원 안마방➥경산단양 안마방☻경산안마사♨경산필리핀 안마방☈경산마사지 품번

    It depends on your viewpoint. The Kyoto protocol was a beautifully written, watertight, fully legally binding international treaty, a sub-treaty of the similarly binding UNFCCC. But it never met its objectives, because it wasn’t ratified by the US, and not by Russia until it was too late. And 대전출장샵 .

    The Copenhagen agreement, on the other hand, was not fully adopted by the UN in 2009 because of last-minute chaos at the conference, though it was ratified the following year 충주일본 마사지 섹스 . For this reason, the Copenhagen agreement was derided as a failure by green groups.

    경산출장맛사지“예약⇜경산club 마사지‹경산영주 마사지›⇚『경산안마방 에이스 토렌트』α경산안마방 여자친구➧경산자전거 안마방☢경산별내 안마방♡경산안마방 카운터»경산타이마사지 꿀팁

    But the targets agreed at Copenhagen, in the form of a document signed by world leaders, still stand.

    Representatives of governments from more than 190 nations will try to reach an agreement on carbon emissions at the COP 21 Paris climate talks in December. Photograph: COP21

    경산출장맛사지↑예약カ경산club 마사지‹경산콜걸샵›⇇『경산서현역 마사지』❤경산가슴커지는 마사지╬ 경산안마방 알바 벌금☋경산수원역 안마방☆경산마사지 팁┫경산수유역 마사지

    We know already what the biggest emitters have committed to. The 진안안마방 무한 , compared with 1990 levels, by 2030. The 대구출장샵 , compared with 2005 levels, by 2025. 목포출장안마 .

    Nations responsible for more than 90% of global emissions have now come up with their targets – 부산로미 로미 마사지 란 . These include all of the major developed and developing countries, though their contributions vary: in the case of developed countries, actual cuts in emissions, but for developing countries a range of targets including limits on emissions compared to “business as usual”, and pledges to increase low-carbon energy or preserve forests.

    Analysis of the INDCS, endorsed by the UN, has suggested that 포항출장안마 . That is not quite enough to meet the scientific advice. However, that is not the end of the story. One of the key components of any Paris agreement would be to institute a system of review of the emissions targets every five years, with a view to ratcheting them upwards.

    Another, and complementary, approach is to make more effort to bring down emissions outside the UN process, for instance by engaging “non-state actors” such as cities, local governments and businesses to do more.

    경산출장맛사지★예약♔경산club 마사지‹경산라페스타 안마방›✁『경산홈케어 마사지』↽경산콜걸만남┃경산안마방 퇴폐╩경산만남 카톡▦경산베트남 마사지♖경산성감대 마사지

    Not at all – the other key question, apart from emissions reductions, is finance. Poorer countries want the rich world to provide them with financial help that will enable them to invest in clean technology to cut their greenhouse gas emissions, and to adapt their infrastructure to the likely damage from climate change.

    This is a hugely contentious issue. At Copenhagen, where the finance part of the deal was only sorted out at the very last minute, 군산출장샵 , and they said that by 2020, financial flows of at least $100bn a year would be provided.

    As a cornerstone of any Paris agreement, poor countries want assurances that this pledge will be met. That has now been given, in several forms: adko.xyz showing that two thirds of the finance required is already being supplied; and 온라인카지노 showed that the remainder can be made up by increased finance from the World Bank and other development banks, and from the private sector. The World Bank and several governments have already committed to upping their financial assistance, meaning that a clear path towards the 2020 target can now be discerned.

    There is more, however. Poor nations also want a similar provision in place beyond 2020, but there is strong disagreement over how this should be done. Some want all the money to come from rich country governments, but those governments are adamant that they will not provide such funding solely from the public purse. They want international development banks, such as the World Bank, to play a role, and they want most of the funding to come from the private sector.

    An agreement on this is still possible, but it will be one of the main obstacles to a Paris deal.

    경산출장맛사지√출장부르는법☆경산club 마사지‹경산합정 마사지›™『경산일산 마사지』♐경산대구 타이 마사지ト경산신천 모텔┏경산안마방 대화﹃경산안마방 밥➢경산방이동 여관

    Yes. The heads of state or government of more than 130 countries have already said they will come. These include Barack Obama of the US, Xi Jinping of China, Narendra Modi of India, Angela Merkel of Germany and David Cameron of the UK. have as yet pulled out as a result of the terrorist attacks on Paris, and security has been stepped up as an assurance. Unlike the Copenhagen talks, however, at which world leaders turned up at the last minute of the two weeks of talks to find their negotiating teams in chaos and without a clear agreement for them to sign, this time the leaders will arrive at the beginning of the conference, give their negotiating teams clear instructions, and expect a fully formed agreement at the end of it.

    On behalf of the French government, the conference will be led by foreign minister Laurent Fabius, and environment minister Segolene Royal, but the French president Francois Hollande will also play a key role. They are all confident that a deal can be made.

    의정부출장녀
    군산출장샵 평택용원 안마방 바카라사이트
    French president Francois Hollande. Photograph: Philippe Wojazer /Pool/EPA

    경산출장맛사지.출장부르는법♘경산club 마사지‹경산안마방 입문›⇃『경산서울 조건 만남』┏경산마사지 크림➚경산섹슈얼 마사지¤경산안마방 사진↝경산중앙동 안마방◎경산안마방 가격

    The key question now is over security. With the French capital under recent attack, and reports of fresh assaults averted by the armed forces, the atmosphere in Paris will be unlike any city that has hosted major international talks before. Security will be paramount - the French police and army will be on the streets, and the venue will be patrolled by uniformed UN guards - but the atrocities of 13 November will hang heavily on all delegates. This may mean that when world leaders attend private meetings, terrorism is discussed before climate change. But it may also mean that delegates are under more pressure than ever to come up with a deal, given the tragic circumstances surrounding them.경산출장맛사지경산서귀포 안마방◊경산중국 마사지▧『경산미금 안마방』경산아가씨 썰╒경산동출장마사지♥경산아침 안마방✂경산고등학생 안마방┨온라인카지노24시출장샵경산폼롤러 마사지⇙경산안마방 하늘이✓〔경산합정 안마방〕경산전립선 마사지 부작용✔경산마사지 기획물♚경산라오스 마사지☴경산안마방 단속 확률⇈경산출장맛사지철원안마방 경찰경산아쿠아 마사지 젤β경산안마방 풀코스⇊「경산대구 여관」경산오피걸◥경산안마방 아침♠경산출장녀↴경산구미 마사지➧경산운서역 안마방╎경산남성 전용 마사지↰{경산마사지 영어로}경산안마방 입싸┚경산소프 마사지♖경산카카오출장╔경산마사지 fc2α경산구의동 안마방♣경산여인숙 여자ヤ〈경산미금역 마사지〉경산제목없음 안마방W경산전립선 마사지 썰♭경산마사지 애무➸경산실제 안마방⇪경산안와상융기 마사지✂경산출장만족보장↫(경산제주 연동 마사지)경산합성동 안마방╧경산분당 마사지↑경산아로마 마사지 효능╇경산안마방 비비기卐예약금산상해 마사지24시출장샵경산여자 부르는 가격▥경산남자 마사지☼〖경산이진호 안마방〗경산서산 마사지⇍경산얼굴 마사지╚경산창원 출장 숙소☣경산대구 서구 안마방テ경산출장맛사지경산출장맛사지카지노사이트경산제주 연동 마사지경산마사지황형경산콧대 마사지 효과경산신림 마사지경산출장맛사지경산신림 마사지☼경산모텔 아가씨♬(경산안마방 보빨)경산거유 마사지⇠경산전립선 마사지 하는 법↕경산천안 출장마사지♢경산창동 안마방↡수원근육통 마사지

    If nations can meet and agree equitable goals on the climate, in these circumstances, it will be a triumph for international cooperation, for our wellbeing and security, and for faith in the future, in the face of forces who wish to destroy all three.

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